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July 2006, Issue no. 148
ISSN: 1523-7893 Copyright 2005

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IPM NEWS --- international IPM news and programs

Sustainable Crop Protection for Europe
The organization representing the European crop protection industry has launched a new pan-European campaign that promotes using crop protection products sensibly and sustainably to enhance environmental, economic, and social viability.

As recently announced by The European Crop Protection Association (ECPA), the "Sense+Sustainability Campaign" targets EU agricultural stakeholders, and emphasizes the need for teamwork between farmers and other agricultural stakeholders to foster sustainable use of crop protection products.

The program also places strong focus on encouraging sustainable use through farmer training and education, and promotes integrated farming as one of several ways for achieving sustainable crop protection.

The campaign's target group, ECPA notes, are EU agricultural stakeholders, consisting mainly of policy makers and organizations that represent farming interests and sustainability platforms. Support for the Campaign also comes from the European Landowners Organization which represents the interests of landowners, land managers, and rural entrepreneurs.

The website www.ecpa.be (also available in Danish, Polish, and Greek language versions) provides more background for the underlying multiple concepts of crop protection practices that are "environmentally sound, economically viable, and socially responsible."

ECPA director general F. Schmider said the Association realizes that sustainable use of crop protection products is a challenge requiring committed teamwork. "We take this responsibility seriously," he remarked, and ECPA will "work closely with other stakeholders in the food chain and wider agricultural community to ensure that crop protection products are used in a safe and sustainable way."

o-> ECPA, 6 Avenue E. van Nieuwenhuyse, B-1160 Brussels, BELGIUM. Fax: 32-2-663-1560. Phone: 32-2-663-1550. excerpted, with thanks, from an ECPA press release and website.

Risk Reduction in Canada
Canada, through its government sponsored Pest Management Centre (PMC), has inaugurated a multi-faceted, six-year, C.8 million program to lower the impacts of pesticides in agriculture and the agri-food industry.

The Pesticide Risk Reduction Program / Programme de Reduction des Risques Lies aux Pesticides mandate aims to address risks to: human health; biodiversity resulting from negative effects on non-target organisms; and to air, water, and soil quality.

Current program initiatives involve increasing the availability of alternative pest management tools and practicessuch as biological control that, in turn, decrease reliance on traditional pesticides, as well as strengthening awareness and adoption of IPM approaches by farmers.

A four-step process identifies priority crops, prepares profiles of selected crops, leads to development of risk reduction strategies, and encourages adoption of these strategies. The Program envisions reporting the results achieved. The PMC is actively collecting information to identify gaps in the scope of currently available pest management products.

A Pesticide Risk Reduction technical working group draws its members from federal and provincial agencies as well plus representation from industry. The group consults regularly to coordinate and integrate program activities. o-> PMC, Phone: 1-613-759-1000. Web: www.agr.gc.ca


** An international team has proposed the concept of integrated avirulence management (IAM) using cultural, physical, biological, and chemical control methods to manage and reduce pathogen populations. o-> J.N. Aubertot, Aubertot@grignon.inra.fr.

** Plants that accumulate calcium oxalate crystals in their biomass were found to strongly deter herbivory by pest insects that feed by chewing. o-> K.L. Korth, KKorth@uark.edu.

** In 2005 the Taiwanese Council of Agriculture (COA) inspected 1,600 pesticide dealers, examined 1,223 formulations, and seized 22 as "counterfeit," plus another 125 as "inferior;" all cases were subject to penalties. o-> COA Annual Report, www.coa.gov.tw. An attract-and-kill system deployed in stone fruit reduced damage levels to fruit byCarpophilusspp. to less than 1 percent. o-> M.S. Hossain, Mofakhar.Hossain@dpi.vic.gov.au.


IPMnet NEWS hates to lose subscribers. Too often email files for the NEWS have "bounced" back as "undeliverable" for several reasons. IPMnet wants to keep providing email versions of the NEWS to you as a valued subscriber. To do so, we respectfully ask your cooperation in two ways:

1.) As you are aware, IPMnet NEWS is mainly distributed by bulk email using "undisclosed-recipients," or "blind" addresses, to preserve recipients' privacy. Hence, it is important to configure your spam filter (software or service) if functioning, to allow periodic emails from IPMnet@science.oregonstate.edu to be delivered to your emailbox. Otherwise, IPMnet NEWS could be blocked, not accepted, no longer seen by you, and returned to us. Result: your email address withers and drops off the IPMnet NEWS mailing list.

2.) Email addresses aren't cast in concrete. We all change location occasionally, or belong to organizations that revise their email addressing system. Again, IPMnet doesn't want to lose you, so kindly advise us of any email change (IPMnet@science.oregonstate.edu) and we will happily revise the IPMnet mailing list to reflect your new email address.

Thanks for your ongoing participation. We look forward to continuing to bring you IPM-related information every six weeks via IPMnet NEWS.

Cordially, A.E. Deutsch IPMnet NEWS editor/coordinator
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IPM MEDLEY --- publications and other IPM information resources

International IPM Web Listing Started
The Integrated Plant Protection Center (IPPC) at Oregon State University, U.S., for many years was known as the International Plant Protection Center. Now, with renewed involvement in international IPM programs, a vastly revamped and expanded website, and increased support for the IPMnet NEWS and its global readership, IPPC has rekindled a keen interest in international IPM.

To that end the Center has established an "International Links" section on its website (ipmnet.org scroll down in the left hand tint block) and is reaching out to colleagues across the globe, as IPPC Director P.C. Jepson says, to "provide links to high quality IPM content that is available internationally." These links, including links to sites in languages other than English, will be listed in what is envisioned to become a central information resource point for international IPM activities.

Suitable sites for listing, according to Dr. Jepson, include links to organizations that develop and implement IPM in an international setting, or in national settings other than the USA, such as government and university research or outreach organizations, plus local sites for international organizations and non-governmental organizations that provide high quality technical services. Links to commercial or otherfor-profit organizations, or to advocacy groups, will not be included.

IPPC invites colleagues to submit site information including: URLs, nation or nations involved, organization name, and language(s) of the site: send to L. Parks at IPPC (ParksL@science.oregonstate.edu). o-> P.C. Jepson, IPPC, 2040 Cordley Hall, Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR 97331, USA. Fax: 1-541-737-3080. Phone: 1-541-737-9082. JepsonP@science.oregonstate.edu.


Note to AUTHORS, EDITORS, AND PUBLISHERS: IPMnet NEWS welcomes mentioning any publication focused on, or related to, crop or amenity plant IPM. To assure coverage, please send a review copy of the publication along with full information to IPMnet NEWS (see address at end of this file). Thanks. ....................... {$} = indicates a publication can be purchased, or that there may be charges for handling and postage.

GUIDE TO WILDLIFE PEST MANAGEMENT The extensively revised second edition of WILDLIFE PEST CONTROL AROUND GARDENS AND HOMES is based on the notion that the activity, not the species, defines a wildlife pest. Information in this rationally organized, liberally illustrated, and graphically attractive softbound work helps determine whether a control effort is needed, and if so, what options might be pursued. Authors T.P. Salmon,et al present material in keeping with IPM principles and offer a wide range of preventive and population reduction methods for managing and controlling common bird, mammal, and reptile species often considered to be pests. Text and visuals are interwoven in the 2006 volume's 128 pages to provide clear explanations and suggested effective procedures. A list of simple steps for "living with wildlife" describes actions that help decrease the opportunities for wildlife species to express pest behavior. ANR pub. no. 21385. {$} o-> ANR Catalog, Univ. of California, 6701 San Pablo Ave., Oakland, CA 94508, USA. anrcatalog@ucdavis.edu. Fax: 1-510-643-5470. Web: tinyurl.com

HERBICIDES IN SOUTH AFRICA Described as "a guide to the use of herbicides registered for the control of declared weeds, invader and other problem plants," CONTROL OF UNWANTED PLANTS is a straightforward compendium of herbicides as used in South Africa. The softbound guide lists plant species alphabetically by botanical name, along with common name(s) in national and local languages. Registered products in each instance are grouped by various modes of application. The graphic presentation is clear and easily followed. Compiled by J. Vermeulen,et al the 2005 publication's 248 pages include six supplemental tables for cross referencing trade names, active ingredients, company names, and a botanical-common name(s) listing. Any entity involved with herbicide use in South Africa should find this work to be a handy information source. {$} o-> XACT Information, PO Box 33742, Glenstantia 0010, SOUTH AFRICA. Phone: 27-12-332-1961. weeds@pesticides.co.za.

FUNGUS AMONG US Senior plant pathologist and accomplished mycologist F.M. Dugan describes his recently published manual as "a gateway to the identification of fungi," while the official title of this 184-page data trove is THE IDENTIFICATION OF FUNGI, An Illustrated Introduction with Keys, Glossary, and Guide to Literature, or as the publisher refers to it, a "one-stop resource for those who need to identify fungi." This comprehensive 2006 manual covers all groups of fungi and fungus-like organisms and includes over 500 diagrams and black/white line drawings. More than 30 pages of references address nearly all aspects of the topic making this spiral bound (lay flat) publication a useful and highly informative resource. {$} o-> APS Press, 3340 Pilot Knob Rd., St. Paul, MN 55121, USA. Fax: 1-651-454-0766. Phone: 1-651-454-7250. Web: www.shopapspress.org.


IPMnet NEWS welcomes mentioning any CD or website focused on, or related to, crop or amenity plant IPM. Please send a review copy of the CD or video (see address at end of file), or for a website, send the URL to: IPMnet@science.oregonstate.edu.


A new pest identification and information kit has been introduced forColocasia esculenta(taro), a dominant and highly important crop of the South Pacific. TaroPest aims to be a comprehensive single source of information focused on regional pests of taro (diseases, insects, nematodes, etc.), and is directed towards crop protection specialists in the targeted region. Taro is attacked by a collection of various pest species and, say TaroPest authors A. Carmichael,et al accurate identification of a particular pest problem is often difficult. Currently, TaroPest is available only as a free, beta-version web-based program at taropest.sci.qut.edu.au with an invitation to all interested parties to use it and communicate their experience to the program's authors. The intent is to tweak the material and eventually produce a fully operational version on CD. thanks to A.R. Clarke for information.


Increasing resistance to common control products (read: pesticides) by a host of diseases, weeds, and pest insect species is an expanding challenge discussed by Canadian specialists in the April 2006 issue of WESTERN GRAINS RESEARCH MAGAZINE. A plant pathologist, weed scientist, and integrated crop management researcher engage in a round table dialog on their views about the resistance issue, the role of crop varieties, and what actions growers need to consider to better protect their crops, the environment, and their income. Online at: www.westerngrains.com


Full papers of both oral and poster presentations offered at the 58th International Symposium on Crop Protection convened in May 2006 at Gent (Ghent), BELGIUM will be published in a special issue of the journal COMMUNICATIONS IN AGRICULTURAL AND APPLIED BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, expected to be available in December 2006. More than 70 papers and over 200 posters were presented during the event which attracted over 500 participants representing more than 40 nations. o-> P. Spanoghe, Fac. of Biosci. Eng., Ghent Univ., Coupure Links 653, Gent BE-9000, BELGIUM. iscp@ugent.be. Fax: 32-09-264-6249. Phone: 32-09-264-6009. Web: www.iscp.ugent.be.


A detailed report, "_StrigaControl in Western Kenya: Raising Awareness, Containing and Reducing the Infestation and Developing Strategies for Eradication," summarizes activities for the first year of an African Agricultural Technology Foundation (AATF) project to confine, reduce, and eliminate the parasitic weedStriga hermonthica_ infesting western Kenya as a step toward improving maize yields, food security, and community well being. Compiled by P.L. Woomer with contributions from participating African scientists, the 28-page, freely downloadable document at www.africancrops.net (click on "Report") covers field tests, management experiments, awareness studies, and more. Other related materials, such as the extension oriented handbook, "Ua Kayongo Hybrid Maize, The Striga Killer," are also available at the same site.


The U.S. National Association of Wheat Growers (NAWG) now offers "The Weed Resistance Learning Module," a free, web-based information resource at www.wheatworld.org Unfortunately, the module requires the use of a specific web browser, which limits its usefulness. Content presents the best approaches for managing weed resistance in wheat crops in six U.S. major wheat growing regions. o-> NAWG, 415 2nd. St. N.E., Suite 300, Washington, DC 20002-4993, USA. wheatworld@wheatworld.org. Fax: 1-202-546-2638.


Scientists in Europe have established a program for "Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe" (DAISIE) to serve as an alien species information resource and act as a repository of information on biological invasions of Europe (www.daisie.se both past and anticipated. Objectives include creating an inventory of invasive species "that threaten European terrestrial, fresh water, and marine environments," and offering information to support prevention and control of biological invasions. Data collected from member states will comprise a framework suggesting indicators for early warning. An experts registry has been opened at daisie.ckff.si to enlist expertise in a variety of related disciplines and the organizers encourage qualified individuals to register. thanks to W. Nentwig for information.

*PROFESSIONAL OPPORTUNITIES* POSTDOC RESEARCHDISEASE BIOCONTROL, West Lafayette, IN, USA * Conduct biological control research on soil-borne diseases ofGlycine max(soybean); focus on the biocontrol /soil suppressiveness of the soybean cyst nematode and the ecology of sudden death syndrome of soybean; carry out a research approach combining field, greenhouse, and laboratory projects. * REQUIRED: PhD; background in mycology or bacteriology (soil microbiology preferable); solid communication skills; computer literacy for data management and word processing; knowledge of soil physics would be beneficial. CONTACT: A. Westphal, Dept. of Botany and Plant Path., Purdue Univ., 915 W. State St., West Lafayette, IN 47907-2054, USA. Fax: 1-765-494-0363. Westphal@purdue.edu. Phone: 1-765-496-2170.


For the home or small plot grower, those unwanted, plants-out-place pose an ongoing management challenge, especially where situations, attitudes, or other reasons dictate a mainly non-herbicidal approach. Weeding then devolves to integrating cultural tactics with traditional, sweat-inducing manual/mechanical control and resorting to an array of hoes, weed diggers, weed pullers, weed twisters, weed poppers, weed whips, weed hooks and others in a plethora of hand tools. A novel website www.ergonica.com can aid in deciding whether to consider circle hoes, push-pull weeders, serrated-edge hoes, oscillating hoes, or even traditional hoes. A chart compares physical descriptions, dimensions, and breathless accounts of sterling operating performance for the likes of the: Angle Weeder, Weed Hound, Weed Claw, Weed Eezy, Uproot Weeder, Weed Ninja, Weed-Ho, and last but certainly not least, the Speedy Weedy. Of course, that trusty rusty old hoe propped up against a post, can be drafted one more time to engage in another round of energetic weed whacking.
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IPM RESEARCH/TECHNICAL PAPERS --- categories and topics related to IPM

Selections from current literature. IPMnet NEWS will gladly provide the address (including email, if available) for first authors in the following titles. Requests to: IPMnet@science.oregonstate.edu.


Phytopathology """""""""""""" "Planting Density Influences Disease Incidence and Severity of Sclerotinia Blight in Peanut," Maas, A.L.,et al * CROP SCI., 46(3), 1341-1345, May-June 2006.

"The National Plant Diagnostic Network," Stack, J.,et al * PLANT DISEASE, 90(2), 128-136, February 2006.

"The Role of Psychophysics in Phytopathology: The Weber-Fechner Law Revisited," Nutter, F.W. Jr., and P.D. Esker. * EURO. JRNL. OF PLANT PATHOL., 114(2), 199-213, February 2006.

Weed Science """""""""""" "Biological Control of Canada Thistle in Temperate Pastures Using High Density Rotational Cattle Grazing," De Bruijn, S.L., and E.W. Bork. * BIOL. CONTROL, 36(3), 305-315, March 2006.

"Management in a Modified No-tillage Corn-Soybean-Wheat Rotation Influences Weed Population and Community Dynamics," Swanton, C.J., et al * WEED SCI., 54(1), 47-58, January 2006.

"Reduced Herbicide Doses in Field Crops: A Review," Blackshaw, R.E., et al * WEED BIOL. AND MGMT., 6(1), 10-17, March 2006.

Entomology """""""""" "Botanical Insecticides, Deterrents, and Repellents in Modern Agriculture and an Increasingly Regulated World," Isman, M. * ANN. REV. OF ENTOM., 51, 45-66, 2006.

"Effects of Pheromone Loading, Dispenser Age, and Trap Height on Pheromone Trap Catches of the Oriental Fruit Moth in Apple Orchards," Kovanci, O.B.,et al * PHYTOPARA, 34(3), 252-260, 2006.

"Introduced Parasitic Wasps Could Control Glassy-winged Sharpshooter," Pilkington, L.J.,et al * CALIF. AGRIC., 59(4), 223-228, October-December 2005.

"Organic Farming-compatible Insecticides Against the AphidMyzus persicae(Sulzer) in Peach Orchards," Karagounis, C.,et al * JRNL. OF APPLD. ENTOM., 130(3), 150-154, April 2006.

Nematology """""""""" "Rotation Crop Evaluation for Management of the Soybean Cyst Nematode in Minnesota," Miller, D.R.,et al * AGRON. JRNL., 98(3), 569- 578, May-June 2006.

General """"""" "Avoiding Conflicts Between Insect and Weed Biological Control: Selection of Non-target Species to Assess Host Specificity of Cabbage Seedpot Weevil Parasitoids," Kuhlmann, U.,et al * JRNL. OF APPLD. ENTOM., 130(3), 129-141, April 2006.

"Farmer Perceptions and Pesticide Use Practices in Vegetable Production in Ghana," Ntow, W.J.,et al * PEST MGMT. SCI., 62(4), 356-365, April 2006.

"Fungicide-Herbicide Interaction in Soybean (_Glycine max_)," Bierman, R.E.,et al * CROP PROT., 25(2), 134-139, February 2006.

"Safety and Public Acceptance of Transgenic Products," Byrne, P. * CROP SCI., 46(1), 113-117, January-February 2006.
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Hints for Improved Scouting
Effective IPM is predicated on accurate knowledge of pest activity in the field, greenhouse, orchard, forest, or other crop site before launching any pest management action. That fundamental knowledge often comes from scouting, that is, gathering first hand data. S.M. Bissonnette and M.P. Montgomery, both experienced extension specialists, used their expertise and knowledge to set out what they have labeled "Efficient ScoutingEight Simple Rules," herewith brutally condensed.

The basic tenet of scouting is to correctly identify the "causal agent" of a crop's problem. The operative term here is "correctly." A mis-identified situation can lead to creation of unnecessary or incorrect action, possibly generating yet a new set of problems.

The authors note that thoroughness is the key to accurate scouting, and usually requires more than a quick glance or cursory sampling. Limited sampling, for instance, has the potential to hit or miss "hot spots" of pest activity and thereby either inflate or underestimate a problem's scope.

If possible, say the specialists, maintain a regular scouting schedule so as to detect any problems early in typical life cycles of an area's most common pest organisms. Scouts should also be familiar with how pest organisms mature and reproduce in order to know what structures or developmental characteristics to look for during each stage of a crop's growth.

Knowing how environmental conditions influence a pest problem, or recognizing the presence or absence of natural enemies is also recommended, as is staying up to date on information about new pest problems in the region. Additionally, information supplied by others (growers, co-workers, field personnel) may be helpful in gaining knowledge about a pest problem's development or extent.

For the full article, see tinyurl.com o-> S.M. Bissonnette, SBissonn@uiuc.edu. excerpted, with thanks, from the Univ. of Illinois' THE BULLETIN, no. 2, article 9, April 2004.

Recent Publications from the Centers
* The North Central Region IPM Center represents a huge, 12-state chunk of the U.S. agricultural heartlands. One of the Center's prime roles is facilitation of IPM grantsto promote environmental stewardship and enhance human health and safetysponsored by the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture's Cooperative State Research, Education and Extension Service (CSREES). A graphically colorful publication from the Center reports on important IPM research and extension projects that have been funded through the grant program. In its 48 pages, this thoroughly professional document summarizes and liberally illustrates programs ranging all across the IPM spectrum and representative of the vast region. The document, USDA-CREES NORTH CENTRAL REGION INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT GRANTS PROGRAM, provides compact summaries for 24 projects including its objectives, approaches, impact, and produced publications, as well as grant amounts and information for contacting project leaders and their respective institutions. o-> S. Osterbur, Dept. of Crop Sci., Univ. of Illinois, 1102 S. Goodwin Ave., Urbana, IL 61801, USA. MEGray@uiuc.edu. Fax: 1-217-333-5245.

* The U.S. State of New York has issued NEW YORK STATE INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT PROGRAM, a full color, multi-page brochure reporting on ൜ years of solid science and sound solutions for farm and community, 1985-2005." In text and photos the item covers the philosophy of IPM and its adoption, the outcomes already achieved, and the future expectations that are "all part of a comprehensive, strategic plan to make IPM the safe, effective pest management solution for all New Yorkers." o-> NYS IPM Program, NYSAES, PO Box 462, Geneva, NY 14456, USA. nysipm@cornell.edu. Fax: 1-315-787-2360.
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U.S. AID's IPM-Collaborative Research Support Program (IPM CRSP)

IPM Moving Forward in Central Asia
Targeting a formerly isolated region, a U.S. Agency for Interna- tional Development (USAID) sponsored multi-faceted program is helping to foster "Ecologically-Based Participatory and Collaborative Research and Capacity Building in IPM in the Central Asia Region."

The comprehensive initiative, one of five regional four-year programs devised to implement and strengthen international IPM under the aegis of the USAID's IPM Collaborative Research Support Program (IPM-CRSP) administered through Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State Univ. (VT), is designed to work through human resource development, networking, and training/exchange programs to strengthen the region's institutional IPM research, implementation, and training capability.

Program leader K.M. Maredia, entomologist/training programs coordinator at Michigan State Univ. (MSU), said that the Central Asia program will use a multidisciplinary approach and be structured around three components: landscape ecology, biological control, and education- outreach. A regional IPM stakeholders forum held in Uzbekistan during 2005 identified needs and priorities in these areas which now guide implementation of specific activities under the project.

The landscape ecology thrust is aimed at enhancing biodiversity through investigating use of native plant species for conserving natural enemy communities and encouraging biological control of field crop pest species. Research efforts also are focusing on environmental quality and biodiversity, producing a line of biolaboratories in Central Asia, and networking for effective technology transfer and information exchange.

Dr. Maredia is collaborating with local scientists, universities, governmental agencies, non-governmental agencies, and growers, as well as other specialists from MSU, Univ. of California-Davis, and the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas. The ultimate goal, Maredia notes, is to foster economic growth and trade, and build the next generation of leaders, scientists, and IPM practitioners. K.M. Mareida, KMaredia@msu.edu.

o-> IPM-CRSP, 2270 Litton Reaves Hall, Virginia Tech., Blacksburg, VA 24061-0334, USA. ipm-dir@vt.edu. Phone: 1-540-231-3516. Fax: 1-540-231-3519. Web: www.oired.vt.edu excerpted, in part, from IAAPS NEWSLETTER, no. VII, July 2006, with thanks to E.A. Heinrichs (Univ. of Nebraska) and M. Rich (VT).
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IPMNET CALENDAR --- recent additions and revisions to a comprehensive global


1=> This IPMnet CALENDARUpdate lists only: (N)ew events that have not been cited previously in the IPMnet CALENDAR or IPMnet NEWS; and, [R]evised events, incorporating new information compared to a previous listing in the CALENDAR or NEWS.

2=> The complete IPMnet CALENDAR is e-mailed annually to all IPMnet e-mail subscribers, but is kept up to date and may be requested any time from IPMnet at IPMnet@science.oregonstate.edu.

3=> Please send information about future events, or revisions, to: IPMnet NEWS at IPMnet@science.oregonstate.edu. Information listed in the IPMnet CALENDAR was supplied by, and collected from, various sources; IPMnet greatly appreciates all cooperation.

*(N)ewly Listed, or [R]evised Entries: as of 15 July 2006*


(N) 16-21 September * 5TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ARTHROPODS CHEMICAL, PHYSIOLOGICAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS, Blialka Tatrzanska/Zakopane, POLAND. Contact: D. Konopiska, Fac. of Chem., Univ. of Wroclaw, Ul. F.jolliot-Curie 14, 50-383 Wroclaw, POLAND. DK@wchuwr.chem.uni.wroc.pl.

(N) 18-20 September * 9TH INTERNATIONAL FUNGAL BIOLOGY CONFERENCE, "Impact of Genomics on Fungal Biology," Nancy, FRANCE. Contact: H. Slater, New Phytologist, Bailrigg House, Lancaster Univ., Lancaster LA1 4YE, UK. H.Slater@lancaster.ac.uk. Fax: 44-1524-594696. Phone: 44-1524-594691. Web: www.newphytologist.org

29 September-02 October * ASSOCIATION OF NATURAL BIO-CONTROL PRODUCERS (ANBP) ANNUAL MEETING, Tahoe City, CA, USA. Contact: ANBP, 2230 Martin Dr., Tustin Ranch, CA 92782, USA. execdir@anbp.org. Fax/phone: 1-714-544-8295.

[R] 23-24 October * [New information] * 1ST ANNUAL BIOCONTROL INDUSTRY MEETING (ABIM), Lucerne, SWITZERLAND. Contact: FiBL, Postfach CH-5070 Frick, SWITZERLAND. Nicole.Rolli@fibl.org. Fax: 41-62-865-72173. Phone: 41-62-865-7272. Web: http:www.abim-lucerne.ch.

[R] 03-08 December * [New information] * 4TH INTERNATIONALBemisia_ WORKSHOP, Duck Key, FL, USA. Contact: C. McKenzie, U.S. Hort. Resch. Lab., 2001 South Rock Rd., Fort Pierce, FL 34945, USA. CMcKenzie@ushrl.ars.usda.gov. Fax: 1-772-462-5986. Phone: 1-772-462-5917. Web: www.conference.ifas.ufl.edu


(N) 05-10 February * WEED SCIENCE SOCIETY OF AMERICA ANNUAL MEETING, San Antonio, TX, USA. Contact: WSSA, PO Box 1897, Lawrence, KS 66044-8897, USA. Fax: 1-785-843-1274. Phone: 1-785-843-1235. wssa@allenpress.com. Web: www.wssa.net.

01-03 March * MOLECULAR APPROACHES TO STUDY TROPHIC INTERACTIONS: CURRENT PROGRESS AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS, Innsbruck, AUSTRIA. Contact: Institute of Ecology, Univ. of Innsbruck, Technikerstr. 25, 6020 Innsbruck, AUSTRIA. mtisymposium@uibk.ac.at. Web: www.entomologentagung2007.at

21-27 July * 8TH INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS ON MOLECULAR PLANT-MICROBE INTERACTIONS, Sorrento, ITALY. Contact: www.mpmi2007.org. 24-27 September * 16TH BIENNIAL AUSTRALASIAN PLANT PATHOLOGY SOCIETY CONFERENCE, "Back to Basics: Managing Plant Disease," Adelaide, SA, AUSTRALIA. Contact: Web: www.australasianplantpathologysociety.org.au.

16 October * SCI CONFERENCE, "Crop Protection Technology: The Way Forward for Poverty Reduction in Less Developed Countries?," Glasgow, UK. Contact: L. Copping, phone: 44-0-1799-521369. LCopping@globalnet.co.uk. Web: tinyurl.com

21-26 October * 14TH INTERNATIONALBotrytisSYMPOSIUM, Cape Town, SOUTH AFRICA. Contact: conf@conferencesetal.co.za. Web: saspp.org


[R] 06-10 May * [New information] * THIRD EUROPEAN WHITEFLY SYMPOSIUM, Almeria, SPAIN. Contact: L. Robertson, EWSN Office, c/o John Innes Centre, Norwich Research Park, Colney, Norwich NR4 7UH, UK. Fax: 44-0-1603-450045. Phone: 44-0-1603-450000. events@whitefly.org. Web: www.whitefly.org


(N) 08-13 February * 3RD INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF ARTHROPODS, "Maximizing Success while Minimizing Risk," Canterbury, NEW ZEALAND. Contact: H. Shrewsbury, Prof. Devel. Group, PO Box 84, Lincoln Univ., Canterbury, NEW ZEALAND. Web: www.isbca09.com.


(N) 26-30 July * AMERICAN PHYTOPATHOLOGICAL SOCIETY ANNUAL MEETING, Nashville, TN, USA. Contact: APS, 3340 Pilot Knob Rd., St. Paul, MN 55121-2097, USA. PTrenda@scisoc.org. Phone: 1-651-994-3848. Fax: 1-651-454-0766. Web: www.apsnet.org.
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